How to Experience the Majestic Call of Hawks

Oliwia Urban 


When it comes to the captivating sounds of nature, few experiences compare to the melodic call of a hawk. If you’ve ever wondered, “What does a hawk sound like?” you’re in for a treat. In this article, we will explore the enchanting world of hawks and how to attract these magnificent raptors to your own backyard. Discover the secrets to creating a bird-friendly environment that not only supports hawks but also enhances the overall biodiversity of your yard.

Why Embrace the Presence of Hawks?

While it may initially be disheartening to witness a hawk swoop down on a beloved backyard species like a goldfinch or cardinal, it’s important to understand the significance of their presence. Hawks signify a thriving, wildlife-friendly ecosystem, showcasing the health and balance of the local environment. Additionally, these birds of prey play a vital role in controlling populations of snakes, large insects, and various rodents, including mice, rats, gophers, and squirrels. Observing raptor behavior in your yard can be a rewarding experience for any avid birder.

Common Backyard Raptors to Expect

The likelihood of different raptor species visiting your yard depends on your geographical location and the surrounding habitat. While larger raptors such as eagles and vultures are generally less common backyard guests, smaller raptors are more adaptable and may frequent suburban or even urban areas. In North America, some of the most frequently encountered backyard raptors include:

  • American Kestrel
  • Barred Owl
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Eastern Screech-Owl
  • Great Horned Owl
  • Merlin
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Western Screech-Owl

In other parts of the world, you may also come across similar accipiters, smaller hawks, kestrels, and falcons as occasional backyard visitors.

Creating an Inviting Habitat for Hawks

To attract hawks and other birds to your yard, it’s essential to meet their fundamental needs for food, water, shelter, and nesting sites. Although catering to raptors’ specialized requirements can be challenging, it’s well worth the effort. Here are some strategies to make your yard more appealing to hawks:


All raptors are carnivorous, but their prey preferences can vary. Common backyard hawks tend to prey on smaller birds, including finches, sparrows, doves, and thrushes. To attract hawks, create a bird-friendly environment by offering a variety of natural foods and establishing a reliable feeding station. Insects and rodents also form a significant part of their diet, so ensure these potential food sources are available. Remember, deliberately feeding hawks with pet mice or raw meat is not recommended. If suitable prey is present, hawks will find it.


While raptors usually obtain sufficient liquid from the blood of their prey, they still visit bird baths to cool off and bathe, especially during hot summer months. To accommodate hawks, use larger and deeper bird baths, preferably made of sturdy materials like concrete. Ground bird baths and fountain designs with a deep basin can entice hawks with the allure of splashing sounds and sparkling droplets. An active bird bath may also attract hawks looking for an additional hunting opportunity.


Hawks require large and stable perches for spotting prey, as well as sheltered areas to rest after a substantial meal. Incorporate snags (standing dead trees) into your yard if possible, as they offer excellent perching options. Additionally, large deciduous or coniferous trees with ample perching space can serve as preferred roosting spots. Raptors may also utilize fences, deck railings, or even the rooftops of houses, sheds, or garages for perching.

Nesting Sites

Raptors build their nests in the same mature trees they favor for perching and shelter. Ensure the branches are wide and stable enough to support the larger nests of raptors. Offer a variety of larger nesting materials, such as branches and twigs, to accommodate resident raptors. Some smaller raptors, like kestrels and screech-owls, readily use nesting boxes with suitable dimensions and appropriately sized entrance holes.

Additional Tips for Attracting Backyard Hawks

If hawks are present in your neighborhood but haven’t yet graced your yard with their presence, here are some additional steps you can take to invite them:

  • Create a tranquil environment in your yard to avoid disturbing the patient nature of hawks. Providing a quiet, bird-friendly space allows them to patiently wait for their prey.
  • Opt for a native-looking habitat by minimizing excessive pruning or heavily groomed landscaping. Raptors feel more at ease in a natural habitat, which also supports a greater abundance of their prey.
  • Avoid using rodenticides, insecticides, or traps that eliminate the natural food sources of hawks. Feeding on contaminated prey can prove harmful or fatal to these raptors.
  • Take precautions to protect your pets from potential encounters with hawks. Whether you have a small dog, kitten, rabbit, or guinea pig, it’s essential to ensure their safety.
  • While it may seem counterintuitive, allowing hawks to hunt in your yard can provide added protection for backyard birds. Weaker or less intelligent prey will be targeted by the hawks, thereby strengthening the overall backyard bird population and sharpening the hawks’ hunting skills.
  • Resist the urge to shoo away hawks after they have fed. Raptors require time to digest their meal, and if they feel pressured or rushed, they are less likely to return to the same hunting grounds. Once the raptor naturally moves on, backyard birds will resume their activities.

Attracting hawks to your yard is an accomplishment that offers a fascinating glimpse into the world of these remarkable birds of prey. By implementing the strategies outlined in this article, you can create an environment that not only appeals to hawks but also fosters a thriving ecosystem right outside your doorstep. Prepare to be enthralled by the majestic sights and sounds of backyard hawks as they grace your landscape with their presence.