Blue Rock Chicken: A Versatile and Hardy Breed

Oliwia Urban 


When it comes to chicken breeds, the Plymouth Rock, including the Barred Rock variety, stands out as a popular choice. These chickens are known for their distinctive black and white stripes, making them easily recognizable within the flock. Plymouth Rocks are renowned for their large size, resilience, and dual-purpose capabilities, making them highly favored among small farms and homesteads. In this article, we will delve into the characteristics, temperament, and suitability of the Plymouth Rock breed for your specific needs.

Breed Name: Plymouth Rock

Plymouth Rocks are sizeable and robust birds, typically weighing between 7 and 8 pounds. They possess a single comb, featherless legs, and four toes, with no crest. Male Plymouth Rocks exhibit evenly spaced barring, while females have slightly wider dark bars compared to the white bars, lending them a relatively darker appearance 1.

Recognized Varieties

The Plymouth Rock breed encompasses various recognized varieties, including Barred, White Buff, Silver, Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue, and Black. These varieties are commonly referred to by their respective names followed by “Rock.” For instance, a Barred Rock refers to a black-and-white Plymouth Rock chicken, and its complete breed name is Barred Plymouth Rock.


Barred Rocks and White Rocks are prevalent varieties within the breed. However, other varieties such as Penciled, Partridge, and Silver Rocks are considered rare, although they can be found in online hatcheries.


Plymouth Rocks are classic dual-purpose chickens, perfectly suited for both meat and egg production. They efficiently gain weight for meat and are known to be excellent egg layers.

About the Breed

The Plymouth Rock breed boasts a rich history in the United States. Barred Plymouth Rocks were first showcased at a poultry exhibition in Boston back in 1849. Over time, they have earned the title of “America’s favorite breed” and are often referred to as “the Hereford of the poultry world.” Plymouth Rocks, especially the Barred variety, have long been cherished by small family farms, as well as backyard and homestead operations. Among the Plymouth Rock varieties, the most commonly seen are the Plymouth Rock and White Rock 1.

Temperament and Behavior

Plymouth Rocks possess a docile and friendly nature, thriving even in confined spaces, although they appreciate the freedom to roam. They are regarded as intelligent, gentle, laid-back, and plucky. However, individual variations exist, and some chicken keepers have noted that Rock roosters can exhibit bullying behavior, while the hens maintain their sweet disposition.

Climate Hardiness

These chickens exhibit exceptional resilience in winter conditions, effortlessly enduring even the harshest of winters. In warmer climates, additional cooling measures might be necessary to ensure their well-being.


Plymouth Rocks are known to be good mothers, although they are not frequently broody. This characteristic is advantageous if you desire consistent egg production.

Egg Production and Type

Plymouth Rocks are highly productive layers, yielding approximately four eggs per week. Their eggs are typically large and brown. Furthermore, they continue laying eggs consistently throughout the year 1.

Is the Plymouth Rock Breed Right for You?

Consider the following factors to determine if the Plymouth Rock breed aligns with your needs:

  • If you are a homesteader or own a small-scale diversified farm
  • If you have young children and seek a friendly and docile breed
  • If you reside in an area with cold winters

If you are looking for a reliable and versatile dual-purpose breed suitable for both meat and egg production, Plymouth Rocks are an excellent choice that will undoubtedly fulfill your requirements.